Introduction

The introductory movie gives you some perspective on the course content and how it fits into the "normal" chemical engineering curriculum. It provides on overview of the types of material that will be covered in the course and how to use the course outline and course calendar. Some perspective is also provided on the topics covered in Foundations of Chemical Engineering II and how this course will prepare you.

Unit I: Balances and Process Thermodynamics

Topic 1: Mass Balances

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Units and Conversions
- Lesson 2: Single processing unit

Example - Binary Distillation - Lesson 3: Multiple processing units, recycle and bypass

Example - Orange juice manufacture (FR 4.32) - Lesson 4: Example - Recycle (FR 4.36)
- Lesson 5: Reacting systems and combustion processes

Example - Combustion of SO2 with excess air - Lesson 6: Example - Reaction Stoichiometry (FR 4.53)

Topic 2: Phase Behavior

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Lesson 1: Concepts and property calculations (ideal gas law vs. real fluids, P-T diagram, PV diagram, terminology, quality, intensive vs. extensive)

Example - Linear interpolation from steam tables (EL 1.19)

Topic 3: Energy Balances for Non-Reactive Systems

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Heat and work interactions with surroundings

Example - Gas in piston/cylinder example (work as a path function)(EL 2.12) - Lesson 2: Closed systems and open steady-state systems (definition of H, Cp, Cv)
- Lesson 3: Common industrial equipment balances (throttles, heat exchangers, turbines, pumps and compressors)
- Lesson 4: Example - Heat exchanger, steam tables (FR 2.23)
- Lesson 5: Problem Solving Strategies
- Lesson 6: Example - Heat Exchanger (Co- and Countercurrent)(FR 7.28)
- Lesson 7: Example - Distillation column energy balances (EL 2.23)

Topic 4: Entropy and Reversibility

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Microscopic view of entropy (useful for entropy mixing)
- Lesson 2: Macroscopic view of entropy (entropy changes in piston/cylinder, S as state property)
- Lesson 3: Entropy generation, entropy balance
- Lesson 4: Carnot engine/pump, efficiency
- Lesson 5: Process equipment calculations, S charts
- Lesson 6: Strategies for applying the S-balance, Summary
- Lesson 7: Example - Adiabatic steam turbine, quality, using steam tables (EL 3.21)
- Lesson 8: Example - Two-stage intercooled adiabatic compressor using chart, h, Pout known (EL 3.27)

Topic 5: Process Thermodynamics

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Rankine cycle and modifications (reheat and feedwater preheaters)

Example - Rankine cycle (EL Ex. 4.1)

Example - Rankine cycle w/ reheat (EL Ex. 4.3) - Lesson 2 - Regenerative Rankine Cycles
- Lesson 3: Example - Rankine w/ feedwater preheaters
- Lesson 4: Refrigeration, liquefacation

Example - OVC refrigeration (EL Ex. 4.5)

Unit II: Fluid Properties and Phase Behavior

Topic 6: Fundamental Phase Behavior

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Lesson 1: Use of measurable derivatives for calculating non-measurable properties

Topic 7: Properties of Real Fluids

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Critical properties, corresponding states, equations of state
- Lesson 2: Departure functions and reference states for calculating U,H,S
- Lesson 3: Example - Compressors, valves using PREOS.xls (EL 7.26)

Topic 8: Phase Behavior of Pure Substances

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Gibbs Energy and Phase Equilibria
- Lesson 2: Vapor pressure and the Clapeyron; Antoine equations
- Lesson 3: Calculation of G and fugacity for gases, liquids, and solids
- Lesson 4: Example - Cascade Refrigeration using PREOS.xls (EL 8.16)

Topic 9: VLE for Ideal Mixtures

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Criteria for Phase Equilibria
- Lesson 2: Raoult's law, bubble, dew, flash concepts
- Lesson 3: Example - Raoult's law, bubble P (EL 9.4)
- Lesson 4: Example - Raoult's law, flammability (EL 9.6)
- Lesson 5: Emissions Calculations
- Lesson 6: Example - Raoult's law, emissions (EL 9.11)
- Lesson 7: Non-ideal systems - anticipating the need for more complex models

Topic 10: Activity Coefficient Methods for VLE

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Excess properties and excess Gibbs energy
- Lesson 2: Modified Raoult's law

Example - Introduction to fitting activity models - Lesson 3: Bubble P method

Example - Generating P-x-y diagram - Lesson 4: Bubble, dew, flash calculations
- Lesson 5: Two-parameter Margules and Van Laar equations
- Lesson 6: Example - Modified Raoult's Law, bubble, dew (EL 11.6)
- Lesson 7: Example - Modified Raoult's Law, fitting azeotrope (EL 11.15)
- Lesson 8: Example - Modified Raoult's Law, fitting infinite dilution gammas (EL 11.16)
- Lesson 9: Global minimization techniques (GAMMAFIT.xls)

Example - Modified Raoult's Law, fitting across the compositioin range

Unit III: Reaction Engineering

Topic 11: Introduction to Reaction Engineering

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Scope, notation, concepts
- Lesson 2: Balance concepts and overview of model development
- Lesson 3: Integral method of fitting kinetic data
- Lesson 4: Differential method of fitting kinetic data
- Lesson 5: Variable volume balances, Temperature effects
- Lesson 6: Example - Integral and Differential method for a gas phase reaction
- Lesson 7: 2nd order rxn, poor choice of initial conditions (Lev 3.20)

Topic 12: Flow Reactors

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Introduction and terminology
- Lesson 2: Example - Batch reactor design from rate data
- Lesson 3: Mixed flow reactor design

Example - Gas phase rxn - Lesson 4: Obtaining kinetics from MFR

Example - Reversible gas phase rxn, numerical integration - Lesson 5: Plug flow reaction design

Example - Gas phase rxn, numerical integration

Topic 13: Reactor Design

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Example Handout
- Lesson 1: Comparison of single PFR, MFR
- Lesson 2: Comparison of PFR, MFR for complex kinetics

Example - Reversible reaction - Lesson 3: PFRs and MFRs in parallel and series
- Lesson 4: MFRs in series - more details
- Lesson 5: Example - MFRs in series; non-elementary kinetics
- Lesson 6: Recycle reactors
- Lesson 7: Design for autocatalytic reactions and topic summary

Topic 14: Selectivity for multiple reactions (Series and Parallel)

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Overview and contacting pattern selection
- Lesson 2: Example - Contacting pattern selection (Lev. 7.2-7.3)
- Lesson 3: Instantaneous and overall fractional yield
- Lesson 4: Fractional yields in MFRs
- Lesson 5: Example - Parallel reactions in MFRs in series (Lev 7.6)
- Lesson 6: Fractional yields in PFRs
- Lesson 7: Example - Comparing MFR, PFR for parallel reactions (Lev. 7.14)
- Lesson 8: Reactor design for parallel reactions in MFRs, PFRs.
- Lesson 9: Series reactions, and series-parallel reactions, topic summary
- Lesson 10: Example - Series-parallel reactions (Lev. 8.7)
- Lesson 11: Example - Series-parallel reactions (Lev. 8.13)
- Lesson 12: Example - Meta-xylene production, numerical integration

Topic 15: Reaction Equilibria

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Examples Handout
- Lesson 1: Notation and equilibrium criteria
- Lesson 2: Determination of equilibrium concentrations

Example - Effect of P and inerts - Lesson 3: Stardard heat of reaction and T-dependence
- Lesson 4: Calculation of equilibria at any T

Example - Use of shortcut van't Hoff or Kcalc.xls - Lesson 5: Energy balance for reacting systems

Example - Adiabatic ammonia synthesis (EL Ex. 14.7) - Lesson 6: P effects. Multiple reactions

Example - Multiple reactions solved by Excel - Lesson 7: Example - effect of T, molar feed, inerts (EL 14.5)

Topic 16: Energy Balance for Reacting Systems

- Topic Objectives and Proficiency Checklist
- Topic Handout
- Lesson 1: Notation and equilibrium conversion vs. T
- Lesson 2: Graphical and numerical use of the E-balance
- Lesson 3: Creation of a rate plot for a reversible reaction

Example - Rate plot from kinetic expressions (Lev. Ex. 9.3) - Lesson 4: MFR for an exothermic reversible reaction

Example - Adiabatic MFR and non-adiabatic MFR (Lev. Ex. 9.5) - Lesson 5: PFR for an exothermic reversible reaction

Example - Adiabatic PFR and non-adiabatic PFR (Lev Ex. 9.4) - Lesson 6: Numerical Design of PFR

Example - Simultaneous differential equations for numerical design - Lesson 7: Multiple steady states in MFR

Example - Multiple steady-states for exothermic rxn in an MFR

Course Summary

This course summary gives an overall review of the material that has been covered and some suggestions about study for the final exam. The movie gives some final perspective on what you will find in the continuation course Foundations of Chemical Engineering II.

- Summary Movie
- Summary Handout